Naval Battles in the Solomon Islands over August/November 1942 turn the tide of the Pacific War
Index to articles:
Prelude to Naval Actions in the Solomon Islands
The Battle of Savo Island. 9th. August, 1942
Battle of the Eastern Solomons. 24th. of August, 1942
The Battle of Cape Esperance. 11-12 October, 1942.
The Battle of Santa Cruz. 25th./27th. October, 1942
The First Battle of Guadalcanal the 13th. of November, 1942
The Second Battle of Guadalcanal. 14/15th. of November, 1942
The Battle of Tassafaronga. 30th. November, 1942
Some Naval historians mark the Battle of Midway as the turning point in the Pacific War, but it is my view that the Naval Battles for the Solomon Islands over the short period of August/November 1942 deserve that honour.
This work seeks to cover these seven fiercely fought sea battles between ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the United States, which determined whether US Marines and Army personnel could hold Guadalcanal, the absolute key to eventual victory in the Pacific War.
These Naval Battles were:
The Battle of Savo Island. 9th. August.
The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. 24th. August.
The Battle of Cape Esperence. 11th./12th. October.
The Battle of Santa Cruz. 26th. of October.
The First Battle of Guadalcanal the 13th. of
The Second Battle of Guadalcanal 14th./15th. of November.
The Battle of Tassafaronga. 30th. November.
Other than the Battle of Leyte Gulf in 1944, these six naval engagements marked the end of the classic ship to ship actions.
I should register my personal bias towards these bitterly fought naval encounters:
I was a participant in the first of them, being the Officer of the Watch on the bridge of HMAS Canberra at the commencement of the Battle of Savo Island on the 9th. of August 1942. For details see my article, "H.M.A.S. Canberra and the Battle of Savo Island"
Map of the Solomons courtesy of http://www.cv6.org/
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