Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Ships During W.W. 2

Kormoran and the Sinking of Sydney

Kormoran, (Ship 41)

"Kormoran" of all the Armed Merchant Raiders, was the largest. She was almost 3 times the size of "Thor," but carried a very similar armament and commenced her nomadic life with 320 mines and had 6 torpedo tubes.

Diesel-electric engines gave her a comfortable top speed of 18 knots whilst 2 Arado seaplanes increased her range of vision, and finally she carried a small torpedo boat.

Her Captain was but 38, the youngest of all the Raider Commanding Officers. Theodor Detmers had joined the Navy at age 19.


After "Widder" arrived home, both her Commander Ruckteschell and Detmers exchanged thoughts on operating a Raider. They believed the better way to break out into the Atlantic was via the Straits of Dover and the English Channel - rather than proceeding North via the Denmark Straits, which at that time of year were usually under the threat of ice. But when the time came for 'Kormoran" to leave, no surface escorts were available for the Channel run, and the Northern route was not judged to be impassable, so that route was selected.

'Kormoran" was disguised as a German warship, having dummy wooden guns in place, plus blue/grey paintwork to be completed. Supplies loaded on board included 28 torpedoes, 400 rounds of 4.1 inch and 300 rounds of 20mm, all destined for 2 U-Boats.

Control had decided that Detmers would operate in the Indian Ocean, Australian and African waters, with the South Atlantic or Pacific Ocean as alternatives.

He was to sow Magnetic mines off the East coast of Africa, and around Australian and New Zealand ports. Finally, moored mines were to be laid in the approaches to Calcutta, Rangoon, Madras, and Sunda Straits.

Bad weather prevailed on the way to Denmark Straits, forcing the ship to seek shelter at Stravenger. It was too rough to complete the warship paint design at sea, so "Kormoran" now took on the mantle of the 7,500 ton Russian ship "Viacheslav Molotov" from Leningrad.

By the 13th. of December, this latest Raider was free of the ice, and out into the Atlantic- she altered course Southwards, running into a Force 10 gale. When the weather and visibility finally improved on the 18th. of December, smoke was sighted, but avoided, as the ship was yet to reach her operational area.

Only the next day, Detmers was told to now consider himself operational, as too many Raiders in the Indian Ocean over January/February were considered to be undesirable.

The engine room staff used this quiet time to check out the most economical way to use the deisel-electric motors, these experiments pointed up the fact that right now, without any retuelling, the ship had a 7 month endurance capacity.

On the 29th. of December, the Captain, on a day of good visibility sought to extend his horizon by using one of the Arado seaplanes- alas, a faulty winch and a heavily rolling ship combined to damage the aircraft.

Into the New Year, on the 6th. of January 1941, the Greek ship "Antonis," carrying 4,800 tons of coal en route to Rosario from Cardiff was stopped - no alarm had been raised, and she was scuttled. A mixed bag was taken on board, the crew of 28, one stowaway, 7 live sheep, fresh foods, documents, and usetul charts, plus 1,000 rounds of small arms ammunition.

When darkness was about to fall in the late afternoon of the 18th. of January, a ship was sighted. Detmers sailed to place this vessel against the fading light, but when it grew dark their target started to zigzag.

"Atlantis" had captured Admiralty orders which read:- "In order to minimise the possibility of pursuit by Raider or Submarine at night, independently routed Merchant Ships should, when sea room permits, alter their main lines of advance by at least 3 points. (The 360 degree compass is divided into 32 points, thus 3 points would equate with a diversion of 33.75 degrees.)


until approximately 10 miles from their day time track. During this period ships should continue zigzagging whenever visibility is less than 2 miles. A prudent precaution, to assist a single ship to present a more difficult target for either a Raider or U-Boat.

Detmers was able to identify this ship as a Tanker in ballast. At a range of 4 miles he fired star shells to illuminate the enemy ship, then opened fire, straddling the target with his third salvo (to straddle a target, means that shells from a salvo bracket the target, falling both short and over.)

A distress call was heard:- "RRRR British Union shelled, 26 degrees 24 minutes North, 30 degrees 58 minutes West."

Fire was checked, but the Tanker responded with 4 rounds fired from her stern gun, "Kormoran" once more opened fire, now setting the stem section of the Tanker ablaze, her crew left their ship, 28 being saved, whilst 17 of their shipmates perished.

SKL had read this distress message broadcast by the "British Union" and now told "Kormoran" to meet "Nordmark," and hand over the U-Boat stores and torpedoes she carried on board prior to departing for the Indian Ocean. Detmers was also instructed to keep clear of "Thor's" arena of action, he was to stay North of the equator, whilst their fellow Raider would stay below this demarcation line. Both were now in the Atlantic Ocean.

A large ship was sighted dunng the afternoon of the 29th. of January at 7.5 miles, "Kormoran" just quietly proceeded, allowing the ship to come to them. At 1330 (1.30 PM) Detmers opened fire - the enemy sent off an alarm signal, turned away, but soon stopped, and her crew left their ship. It was the "Afric Star" carrying almost 6,000 tons of meat from South America to Britain. The 72 crew and 2 women and 2 men as passengers were all taken on board the Raider.

Slowly the "Afric Star" sank, assisted by fire from the 37mm gun, a torpedo, and 5.9 inch shells. "Kormoran" decide to quickly vacate the scene, as the distress message had been repeated by vessels close by. A Raider could "Live" or "Die" through the medium of a distress signal being jammed on transmission, stopped from being sent at all, or in fact the ship being attacked daring to send out her frantic warning, and being helped by the sudden arrival of a friendly Warship, that happened to be in the close vicimty.

Throughout the total war, luck played a huge part in ones survival, was it fate that brought you in contact with an enemy Raider or hostile Submarine? or decided that your course and speed, where you happened to be on the Ocean's surface at any particular point in time meant you avoided the lurking danger of such a threat. To arrive at the intended destination was always a bonus for both ship, and her company.

A second victim was found after darkness had descended, at 3,200 yards Detmers used star shells to light up his target, then his larger guns to stop "Eurylochus" another British ship of 5,723 tons.


A torpedo quickly sent her to the ocean's depths, 4 British plus 39 Chinese were saved, but 18 British and 20 Chinese seamen were lost.

They met with "Nordmark," fuelled, and took on board meat and eggs from the bountiful "Duquesa." By the 9th. of February, Detmers was enroute to the Indian Ocean, they passed another Raider "Pinguin," but disaster struck 2 days later, when bearings in the main engines cracked. 700 kilograms of white metal was needed to effect repairs. Berlin was asked to help, and responded that it would be supplied via a U-Boat and a blockade runner; meantime, stay in the South Atlantic.

Running repairs were made, and it was the middle of March before they met U105, only to learn that U124 was carrying the precious white metal from which the new bearings could be cast.

They sank a tired old Tanker, in ballast, the "Agnita" and rescued 38 crew, a mix of British and Chinese. From this ship, an up todate chart of Freetown, its swept channels, and mined areas were obtained. copies were made for passing on to the next U-Boats they came across.

Usetul enemy intelligence was always sought from ships that were run down, sometimes they were sunk prior to being able to board them, but useful information was often gleaned directly, or from judicious questioning of prisoners taken on board.

On the 25th. of March, Detmers sighted a ship a long way off. His engine problems precluded a long chase, he set an interception course, and was able to close to 5 miles before this Tanker, in ballast, signalled an alarm. "Kormoran" attempted to jam the distress signal, and opened fire, although the second salvo was a near miss, it was enough to make the Canadian "Canadolite" of 11,300 tons, stop broadcasting, and stop engines.

This nearly new ship had been built by Krupp, and was sailing to Venezuela, this fine prize was much too valuable to sink. Leaving the bulk of her crew on board, Detmers took her Captain, Chief Engineer, Radio Operator, and top Gunnery Rating in "Kormoran" as prisoners, then with sufficient German command personnel, sent her off to Gironde.

It was almost two weeks before any other ship was found, it turned out to be "British Craftsman" 8,022 tons, running in ballast from Rosyth, and destined for Capetown. She was carrying a very valuable item, a large anti-submarine net, and the Captain was delighted to be able to deny the authorities at the Cape this defensive equipment. A torpedo had to be used to sink this burning ship, 5 died, but 45 prisoners were transferred to the Raider.

On the 10th. of April the 'Kormoran's" radio operator was pleased to take a signal from Berlin to his Commanding Officer announcing to Detmers "You have been promoted from Commander to Captain." Every one was happy with this news.

Two days on, and the Greek "Nicolaos" a new ship loaded with timber from Vancouver and going to Durban in Natal, was stopped by gunfire, although it was hoped to take this find as a prize, her bridge and steering gear had been destroyed by the accurate gunfire, it was with reluctance that she had to be scuttled.


In mid April, 4 ships came together, "Kormoran," "Atlantis," and supply ships "Alsterufer," and "Nordmark," 75 prisoners were exchanged, stores and ammunition for the 5.9 inch guns were loaded. "Kormoran" took on a black hull, hoping in the future to pass as a Japanese ship, but right now she became the Dutch "Straat Malakka" out of Rio de Janeiro bound for Batavia.

"Pinguin" had been sunk, and with "Kormoran" now in the Indian Ocean they made for the Chagos Archipelago, Colombo, Sabang triangle. Now that a mine sweeping force was operating at Rangoon, Detmers decided that it would be a waste of resources to lay mines in that vicinity. With no mine action here, the next target for mine laying was to be off Madras, but a sighting of a possible British Armed Merchant Cruiser put paid to that proposition, and "Kormoran" avoided any close contact by heading South East.

Early on the 26th. of June, whilst it was still dark, a faint light and shadow were noted, a warning shot did not bring any reaction. At 3,000 yards a full salvo hit, setting the ship alight, the crew took to the boats, but only 9 from a crew of 34 were saved. It had been the Jugoslav "Nelebif" 4,153 tons, without cargo, only in ballast, off to Mombassa, but never destined to arrive. That same afternoon, another victim was approached and sunk, the Australian "Mareeba" with a load of sugar for Colombo, a crew of 48, all unhurt, came on board.

By the 21st. of July, Detmers decided he would not mine in the Bay of Bengal as Britain had increased her forces in that area, but would cruise in Indonesian waters, then South of Sumatra and Java, continuing down the coast of Western Australia until in the latitude of Carnarvon. At this stage he noted in his diary that the crew were working in watches around the clock, to sieve out worms and beetles found amongst their store of flour. He added "the cook and baker are extraordinarily important in an armed merchant-cruiser, and both of them on board deserve boundless recognition."

This comment by the Captain serves to highlight the fact that it is not only the Army that "Marches on its stomach."

Now by the 13th. of August, "Kormoran," had sailed to a position 200 miles Westward of Carnarvon, a ship was sighted at dusk some 10 miles distant. Detmers wanted to stay in touch, in the hope of having a successfiil night action, but when about 7 miles away, it suddenly turned towards them and gave the "QQQ" alarm, not with a position, but with a bearing ~ this made the Raider Captain think that perhaps the mystery ship was in visual touch with other ships, maybe she was "Bait" for a convoy in the vicinity, and was calling up an escort.

She was about 6,000 tons, obviously fast, and Detmers decided he was not falling for any possible trap, he altered course Westwards, and then to the South. His diary bears the note: "After 7 weeks to have seen a ship at last and to have had to let her go is very bitter."

The Raider made her way up to the Northern tip of Sumatra, giving up any idea of laying mines at the approaches to Carnarvon, not enough traffic about to justi~ the operation.


When commenting on "Kormoran's" operations at a later date, SKL, was terse about the fact that mines were not laid, they considered that with little risk to his ship, Detmers could have used an Auxiliary to lay mines, which may well have claimed some victims.

To follow Detmers in his successfbl Raider, it is never clear why he always seems to duck the issue of mine laying, and continually rationalises why he did not, or could not, lay a nest of them in any area at all.

Pickings were sparse, when only 150 miles South of Ceylon, a fast ship of about 11,000 tons was sighted on the 1st day of September, but she passed too far away for any attack to develop, and "Kormoran" could not match her speed. Eventually she was lost after a rainstorm, and the seaplane could not be used to seek her out again.

Detmers lamented in his War Diary "Without a catapult it is a weapon of opportunity which can quite infrequently be employed." I have already noted how much more suceessful "Thor" had been in using its seaplane - one needed the will of both the Captain of a Raider plus his Arado pilot to get this aircraft airborne as often as practicable- this will to use his spotting aircraft, seems to have been somewhat lacking in "Kormoran."

SKL now told Demers that they intended to send "Thor" to relieve him in the Indian Ocean by the end of December. Detmers believed that he had a thankless role in this area, he thought Allied ships kept to the Northwards, close to British bases - thus they could only be attacked by a Raider taking a greater risk- and disregarding their operational orders. He thought this was the lesson to learn posed by the sinking of "Pinguin."

At last, success! On the 23rd of September, close to the equator, the Greek "Stamatios G Embiricos" of almost 4,000 tons, no cargo, just in ballast from Mombassa to Colombo was caught and scuttled. The crew were taken in "Kormoran," who had now achieved 68,283 tons of shipping sunk from 12 ships.

The "Kulmerland" out of Kobe with 4,000 tons of diesel fuel, lubricating oils, provisions for 6 months, and the long awaited white metal, met with "Kormoran" who carried out a self refit in the watery wastes of "Area Siberia" adjacent to the latitude of Perth. All prisoners were also handed over to the supply ship. Detmers command was now stored and fuelled up to the 1st. of June, 1942.

Nothing further was ever heard directly from "Kormoran" ever again.

His last War Diary sent home in "Kulmerland" indicated "Hope to be in operations area during the new moon period." Dr.Habben, one of the survivors, writing from prison camp told SKL that after writing the phrase above, Detmers had changed his mind- and intended to lay mines off Perth, but enroute, he learned that a convoy was to leave there, escorted by the British 8 inch Cruisers, "Cornwall," and "Dorsetshire," so he decided to move North along the coast heading for Shark Bay.


It was not until the 24th. of November, that Berlin heard Sydney Radio ask for "Details of the action and the name of the ship from which survivors came." At the end of November, SKL learned that the Australian Cruiser H.M.A.S. "Sydney" was 6 days overdue at Fremantle on the 26th. of November, returning from convoy duties, and it was believed she had sunk an enemy Raider, but her own fate was still unknown.


H.M.A.S. Sydney - Missing with all her ship's company, after a battle with the Raider "Kormoran."

H.M.A.S. Sydney - Missing with all her ship's company, after a battle with the Raider "Kormoran."
(see Sydney's officer and crew list at the bottom of this page)

Then the next intercept read: "A British Tanker has taken German seamen from a raft, and others have been sighted in lifeboats, of which two have arrived in Western Australia. Apparently "Sydney" was on fire when last seen by the Germans."

At this time "Kormoran" was the only German Raider at sea, so SKL now realised she had been sunk. It was later, via letters from survivors held in Australia, that the story of what had happened filtered back to Germany, as indicated, the first news came from Dr. Habben, who also indicated that Captain Detmers was also both a survivor and a Prisoner of War.

The German story of the light to the end for both "Sydney" and "Kormoran," is all that has ever become available, "Sydney" was never found, vanishing with her total crew of 645 Officers and Sailors.

It was about 1600 (4PM) on the afternoon of the 19th. of November, 1941 that a lookout in Kormoran" sighted smoke ahead, it soon became apparent to the Raider's bridge personnel, that this belonged to a Light Cruiser, and it was H.M.A.S."Sydney," already speeding towards them.

Detmers ordered a course to turn them away, his ship working up to full speed of 18 knots, the Captain choose to steer against the wind and sea but straight into the sun.

"Sydney" followed them at an estimated speed of 25 Knots, and was signalling with a searchlight. (The Cruiser was most likely using a shuttered signalling lamp, there is no provision for using a searchlight as a signalling medium.)

"Kormoran" hoisted a Dutch flag, in line with her supposed identity of being the "Straat Malakka."

"Sydney" kept up her flashing, and Detmers as usual with Merchant Ships, responded with flag signals, some of which were deliberately garbled, he also hoisted flags meaning "not understood."

Time was gained, still "Sydney" did not open fire, but came up astern, within a short distance from the Raider, at about 1.5 hours after first sighting the Australian Cruiser, she was level with "Kormoran" and on her starboard side, less than 1,000 yards away. The Germans felt they were getting away with their deception, and that the Cruiser's Captain believed that he had a harmless Allied Merchant Ship on his hands.

"Sydney" had her Walrus Aircraft sitting on the catapult, already swung out in position for launching, suddenly, the catapult was trained in again fore and aft. This seemed to signal a non aggressive attitude from the Cruiser. The Germans also thought that only half the Cruiser's gun crews appeared to be closed up at their stations.


"Sydney" now demanded that "Kormoran" give her secret call sign, the bluff could no longer be sustained. " IT WAS TIME TO FIGHT."

Detmers ordered his guns unmasked, it took only a record 6 seconds to achieve. Meantime the Dutch flag was being replaced by the war flag of the German Navy, and the Captain's pennant hoisted.

Before the war flag was close up, i.e. hoisted to the top of its position, the "Kormoran" opened fire with a single round, it fell short, but the next 3 gun salvo, hit "Sydney's" bridge and fire control area. "Sydney" also fired at the same time as this salvo, but their shot fell well over, hits from the Raider were now scored on the Cruiser's B Turret, blowing away its top, and also damaging A Turret's training mechanisin, thereby freezing any flirther movement.

In a Naval ship fitted with 8 guns, it is usual to find them in 4 by 2 gun Turrets, which arc named from the ship's bow, A, and B, both in front of the bridge, the other 2 fitted aft of the malrimast, are named X and Y Turrets. "Sydney" now had half of her main armament out of action.

The aircraft's catapult was now swung into the launch position for the second time, but a direct hit soon destroyed the plane. A torpedo from "Kormoran" struck "Sydney" forward of the Bridge, her bows dipped below the water, her speed fell away, and heavy fire from the Raider's anti-tank 37mm. gun, and 20mm. AA weapons swept personnel from the Cruiser's upper deck, stopping AA guns or torpedo mountings from being manned.


Commander T.A. Detmers

Commander T.A. Detmers, Captain of the "Kormoran" who survived the fight with "Sydney" with 317 from his crew.

It was obvious that "Sydney's" fire control system had been put out of action- but her 2 after 6 inch Turrets fired independently and scored 3 hits. These hits, started a large fire in 'Kormoran's" engine room, electrical gear there failed, and all the engineroom staff perished.

"Sydney" fell away astern, then tried to ram the now out of control Raider, but 'Kormoran's" number 5 gun kept up firing, "Sydney" turned away, steaming only at 5/6 knots, then fired 4 torpedoes, the closest, missing its target by about 150 yards, as "Sydney" turned, it was evident that her X andY Turrets were trained on her disengaged side, and they appeared to be jammed on their training gear.

The Cruiser was kept under continuous fire from the German 5.9 inch guns, and many hits were made on her waterline. The Raider's gun crews reported that during this action they had fired 500 rounds

By 1800 (6pm) it was becoming dark, "Sydney's" port quarter was ablaze, and many explosions were heard on board her. Finally, at a distance of 5 miles, she was out of range, and slowly steamed off towards the horizon.

For hours, the German crew fought to save their ship, they could still observe the huge fire burning in "Sydney," until about 2300 (11PM) "When it disappeared, most probably, "Sydney" blew up and sank at that time."


As all of "Kormoran's" fire fighting equipment had been destroyed, there was little that could be done to quell the formidible fires still raging, Detmers ordered his guns crews to remam, and everyone else to leave the ship Some boats had been destroyed in the action, rafts, and rubber dinghies were utilised.

Two steel lifeboats stowed in Number 1 hold were normally launched via auxiliary equipment- but, this was damaged, and these boats had to be manhandled with a great deal of difficulty.

The Sinking of "Kormoran."


The German Armed Merchant Raider "Kormoran" sunk in the battle with H.M.A.S. Sydney.

The German Armed Merchant Raider "Kormoran" sunk in the battle with H.M.A.S. Sydney.

Twenty had been killed in the fight with "Sydney," and 60 others drowned when a large rubber dinghie sank when the Raider was abandoned. At 0100 (lAM,) in the early hours of the 20th. of November, Detmers hauled down both his Pennant and the Flag, and embarked in the last boat to leave 20 minutes later, mines on board blew up, and, down went "Kormoran" stern first.

The weather worsened, men in boats, dinghies and rafts could not all stay together as a group, one boatload was recovered by a coastal steamer, who broke the news of this engagement to the world.

Both the Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force set out to find the survivors from both sides, all the Germans were found, although some took 6 days to reach the Western Auatralian coast line.

Not a soul from "Sydney" has ever been found - it appears that Captain Burnett took his Cruiser too close to an apparently harmless Merchant Ship, to be totally suprised, and paid the price.

Captain J. Burnett R.A.N. - Lost with his entire crew when sunk by the "Kormoran"
Captain J. Burnett R.A.N. - Lost with his entire crew when sunk by the "Kormoran."

The following extract was originally published in the Sydney Morning Herald - a German crewman describes Australia's biggest World War II disaster.

Children are renowned for asking difficult questions. But Heinz Messerschmidt was unprepared for the question his son was about to ask as he looked up from a photograph of the officers and crew of Austrlia's World War II cruiser HMAS Sydney: "And all these men were killed by you?" he asked.

"Yes," said Mr. Messerschmidt, "All of them."

As a 26-year-old lieutenant commander on the German raider Kormoran, Mr. Messerschmidt witnessed the murderous barrage that sank the Sydney and led to a mystery that remains today: Why did none of the 645 crew members of the Sydney survive to tell their tale?

Mr. Messerschmidt dismisses conspiracy theories of Japanese submarines being involved as "ungrounded speculation and a huge defamation" for the officers and crew of the Kormoran.

He explains the mystery with a closer examination of the two main figures involved: Captain Detmers, of the Kormoran, and Captain Burnett, of the Sydney.

Mr. Messerschmidt is now 83 and lives in a small, tidy apartment near Kiel in northern Germany.  He spent five years in a prisoner-of-war camp in Australia and had many opportunities to rake over the battle with Captain Detmers.

A widowerer with neatly combed white hair and a perfectly ironed white shirt, he adjusts his Kiel Yacht Club tie and says:

"Captain Detmers was a very strict man who placed great emphasis on dress and abstinence from alcohol.

"A month before our engagement with the iSydney, Captain Detmers celebrated his birthday.  We were allowed to drink Whisky, and one of the crew members got a bit drunk and let his tongue run loose.

"Detmers cut him short straight away, saying that he would like to make something very clear to the assembled gentlemen, and that was that our moment of truth would come when we had a visit from the "Grey Steamship Company', as in the British Navy, and by inference their Australian allies, were referred to.

"Then he said no more whisky and that was the end of the evening."

Mr. Messerschmidt shuffles his folders and memorabilia relating to the Sydney and looks over his glasses. "And Captain Detmers was exactly right, and not for the first time. He sensed that a visit from the Grey Steamship Company was on the way.

"As the Sydney approached, he sensed that they wanted to continue on their southerly course and that they were not prepared for any irregularities.

"Campain Detmers said the Sydney would come by, say many thanks, wish you bon voyage and see you later.

"He ordered everyone below and said the Sydney would notice nothing and that we would get away with it, referring to the disguise of a Dutch merchant vessel the Germans were using.

"He was the right man for an undertaking of our nature, a Himmelsfahrtkommando as our ships were know (suicide mission); he could always sense that little bit more.

"Basically, all the survivors from the Kormoran, all of us, must thank Captain Detmers for his finger-tip touch. Without him everything could have run differently from the start."

Captain Detmers said right from the first contact with the Sydney that the Australians weren't suspicious.

"The Sydney failed to make a thorough investigation of who we were, and came far too close.

"You have to picture it. It was late November and the Sydney was in the Western Australian waters; the crew had warred hard in the Mediterranean and had been successful in conjunction with the British Navy.

"What should a merchant raider be doing in these waters, so close to the Australian coast?

"We had disguised ourselves as the Dutch merchant ship Straat Malakka, and carried a Dutch flag.

"A raider simply could not be in these waters

"And they must have thought 'But we have the assignment to a least clarify who it is'. The Sydney asked what type of cargo we had, where we were traveling to --- but we didn't have the secret signal and letters [in reply].

"Basically it was this signal that was the death sentence for the Sydney and the cause of this terrible chapter of history for Australia."

Mr. Messerschmidt wanders back in time. "As the Sydney approached we could see that they had prepared to send up their spotter plane, which would have given us away because we had a deck cargo of mines.

"But then the plane was suddenly put back into its normal position .  That was the moment when Captain Detmers said 'Ah yes, it's tea-time on board --- they'll probably just ask us where we are going and what cargo and then let us go on.

"Then Captain Burnett of the Sydney made the following mistakes: he came far too close and, worse still, instead of putting himself directly behind us, he put himself directly opposite.

"If he has sat behind us he could have used both forward turrets on us an we could not have brought all our weapons to bear on him.  He was only 900 meters away.  You could see the ship's cook with his hat on at that distance.

"We saw that no-one ran around on deck and that they were not alarmed.

"Detmers said 'Now comes the good journey etc', but instead come the order to hoist your secret signal. Detmers immediately ordered the camouflage to be dropped and the German flag to be hoisted.

"Then, with anti-aircraft guns, we held the bridge under continual fire to put all the officers out of action.

"At the same time we fired torpedoes and our six-inch guns.

"The Sydney was not ready for battle. The four turrets were not trained on us and the torpedo tubes were not manned. As we opened fire, the crew started running for the torpedo tubes, but we held the torpedo tubes under contant fire with our guns so they couldn't get there.

"This is the murderous nature of the attack, when a totally unprepared cruiser lies in such close range to what it believes is a Dutch merchant ship - which within a minute can transform itself into a warship.

"The six-inch shells were armed in the base and not the nose, so they went over the short distance and pierced the armour and exploded inside the ship.

"It was half an hour of continual fire. It's a surprise no one survived.

"The few that did survive the initial onslaught were the firing officer and crew of the rear X turret, who fired three times and hit us in the magazine, once amid ships and the third time through the funnel, which was used to pre-heat the oil before it was pumped back down into the motors.

"You can picture what happened as the hot burning oil flowed back down into the engine room. Only one man survived. Then we had no power and could not put the fires out.

"It was then we realised it was all over for us. We would have to abandon ship and would be picked up as prisoners."

Heinz Messerschmidt flicks through carefully arranged photos and reveals the stranger side of his encounter with the Sydney.

"In the mid 1930's I was a midshipman on a training cruise and we were docked in Cadiz in Spain at the same time as the Sydney. The photo here is the Sydney. It was docked opposite and both crews made tours of the respective ships. I went on board the Sydney  and met come of the crew and took some photos of them."

He shuffles his memorabilia and extract another small photo with a large Australian face beaming across is and the words HMAS SYDNEY clearly emblazoned on his cap.

"I don't know who this man is, nor if he was on the Sydney at the time of the encounter with the Kormaran, but non of us would have dreamt that we were to meet again, and under such different circumstances."

Mr Messerschmidt pauses. His memories of Australia are full of warmth towards the Australians who treated him so well, not only as a prisoner-of-war but also as a tourist and guest of the RSI.

"You all make so much effort to find another answer as to the fate of the Sydney," he says wistfully.

"This is everything I have collected over the years on the Sydney and Kermoran. I gave back my Iron Cross to one of the prison guards in Australia just before we were shipped back to Germany on the Steamer "Orontes."

An then there was a final twist in the tale; the ship lying next to the Orontes in Port Melbourne was the real Straat Malakka.

Thanks to Irene Dargan: Grandfather looked after POWs at Murchison Camp Victoria in 1942 and was given a flag embroided by the Kormoron navy seaman. It has a picture of the Kormoron on one side with its name and on the other side another ship with Nazi swatstikas on the flags.

He embroided the name Lager Stienbecker and the year 1942 in each corner. It also has the flag holes on it and made from some tough linen canvas type material faded cream white..its pretty old.

Kormoron Flag

Kormoron Flag



      Captain Joseph Burnett RAN

      Commander Edmund Wybergh Thrushton DSC RN
      Commander (E) Lionel Sydney Dalton DSO RAN
      Commander (S) Thomas Francis Maynard RAN
      Surgeon Commander John Reid Hasker RAN

      Chaplain the Rev. George Stubbs RAN
      Schoolmaster Percy Francis Skewes RAN
      Lieutenant Commander Clive Alexandra Craig Montgomery RN
      Lieutenant Commander Michael Morgan Singer DSC RN
      Lieutenant Commander Alexander Mackay Wilkinson RAN
      Lieutenant Commander (0) Jack Cawston Bacon RN
      Lieutenant Commander (E) Richard Daniel Handcock RAN
      Surgeon Lieutenant Commander Francis Harrison Genge RAN

      Lieutenant Thomas Garton Brown RAN
      Lieutenant John Alan Cole RANR(S)
      Lieutenant Thomas Edgar Davis RAN
      Lieutenant Andrew lan Keith RANR(S)
      Lieutenant Eric Elton Mayo RAN
      Lieutenant lan Thomas Roy Treloar RAN
      Lieutenant (E) William Thomson Anderson RANR(S)
      Lieutenant (E) Allan Wallace Wilson RANR(S)
      Lieutenant (S) Robert Ernest Ridout RANR
      Surgeon Lieutenant (D) Mervyn Clive Townsend RAN

      Sub-Lieutenant Albert Edwin Byrne RANR
      Sub-Lieutenant Alexander Vinrace Eagar RANR
      Sub-Lieutenant Edwin Ross Eddy RAN

      Sub-Lieutenant Bruce Alfred Elder RANR
      Flying Officer Raymond Barker Barrey RAAF
      Sub-Lieutenant (E) Allen james King RANVR
      Sub-Lieutenant (E) Frederick Harold Schoch RANVR
      Sub-Lieutenant (S) James Irvine Clifton RANR
      Sub-Lieutenant (S) Charles McGregor Mitchell RANR
      Acting Sub-Lieutenant (S) Donald Wolsey McCabe RAN

      Gunner Frank Leslie Macdonald RN
      Gunner (T) James Edward Peterson RAN

      Acting Gunner John Kerr Houston RAN

      Warrant (E) William George Batchelor RAN
      Warrant (E) Alexander Baillie Biggs RAN
      Warrant (E) Frederick William Reville RAN
      Warrant (H) John Albert Ernest Fuller RAN
      Warrant (L) Robert Wesley Nicholson RAN
      Warrant (S) William Albert Owen RAN

      Abernethy, Roderic Bell - Petty Officer Telegraphist
      Absolem, John Francis - Acting Leading Seaman Stoker
      Addison, Roy Hilton - Acting Leading Seaman
      Agar, Lavington Henry - Chief Mechanician
      Allison, John Albert Curtis - Able Seaman
      Anderson, Cecil John - Ordinary Seaman
      Anderson, Ronald Harry - Able Seaman
      Andrews, Arthur John - Able Seaman
      Archbell, Allen Walter - Acting Leading Seaman
      Armstrong, Harold James - Ordinary Seaman
      Aumann, Cyril - Acting Leading Stoker
      Avery, George William - Able Seaman
      Aylott, William Lewis - Acting Petty Officer
      Ayton, Leslie George - Ordnance Artificer

      Bain, William John - Able Seaman
      Baker, Victor Leslie - Ordinary Seaman
      Baker, William Alfred - Stoker
      Balding, Harold Ross - Able Seaman
      Barclay, Victor Nathaniel - Supply Assistant
      Barham, Eric Ralph - Sick Berth Petty Officer
      Barker, Benjamin joseph Herbert - Able Seaman
      Bartlett, Maxwell Edwin - Able Seaman
      Bath, Walter James - Ordinary Seaman
      Batten, Keith Carrington -Stoker
      Baverstock, Ernest George - Able Seaman
      Beattie, Alexander - Leading Stoker
      Beattie, Eric Peter - Stoker
      Beckett, Richard James - Stoker
      Belcher, Edgar Raymond - Wireman
      Bennie, Graham Russell - Able Seaman
      Berwick, George Ross - Wireman
      Bettany, John Henry - Able Seaman
      Betterman, Donald Richard - Able Seaman
      Bettinson, Walter Edward - Leading Seaman
      Bevan, Hanbury Victor - Able Seaman
      Beverton, John Troy - Stoker
      Bibby, Ivo Ignatius - Engine Room Artificer First Class
      Biram, Bernard Frank - Petty Officer Cook (0)
      Birch, James William - Acting Leading Stoker
      Blackwood, James - Stoker
      Blake, John Shaldis - Acting Leading Stoker
      Blom, Leslie Michael - Stoker
      Bodman, Anthony Arthur - Able Seaman
      Bone, Gordon Frederick - Able Seaman
      Bonham, Henry George - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Bonner, Reginald - Mechanician First Class
      Bool, James - Ordinary Seaman
      Booth, Ernest Albert - Able Seaman
      Bowden, Laurence - Stoker Second Class
      Bowes, Keith Andrew joseph - Stoker
      Box, Robert Aubrey - Stoker Second Class
      Boyd, David William - Acting Leading Sick Berth Attendant
      Bradley, Ross - Ordinary Seaman
      Brennan, Ernest Norman - Able Seaman
      Brind, Max - Able Seaman
      Brodie, Raymond Roy - Acting Leading Seaman
      Brooks, Donald Leslie - Ordinary Seaman
      Buchanan, Allen Ridley Morton - Stoker Petty Officer
      Buck, Clifton Charles - Able Seaman
      Buckingham, Clarence Frederick Parett - Able Seaman
      Buckley, Daniel Stanley - Ordinary Seaman
      Budden, Keith Eric - Acting Yeoman of Signals
      Bundy, Frederick Philip Keith - Petty Officer
      Bunting, James - Able Seaman
      Burgess, William Robert - Signalman
      Burgoyne, Maxwell Aubrey - Leading Steward
      Burke, Kenneth Thomas - Telegraphist
      Burke, Leslie - Leading Cook (S)
      Burke, William - Chief Engine Room Artificer
      Burns, John Roardon - Acting Stoker Petty Officer
      Burnsyde, William Edmund - Stoker
      Burrowes, Douglas james - Able Seaman
      Burt, Alwyn Stewart - Wireman
      Butler, Kenneth Norman Hilton - Supply Assistant
      Butler, Stanley Wilfred - Able Seaman

      Cabban, Victor Roy - Stoker Second Class
      Cannon, Lionel James - Telegraphist
      Carey, Henry Robert Joseph - Able Seaman
      Carey, Thomas Leslie - Chief Petty Officer Cook
      Carr, John William Aaron - Able Seaman
      Carthy, George Thomas - Able Seaman
      Cartwright, Alexander Mitchell - Able Seaman
      Catley, Raymond Rex - Able Seaman
      Caudle, Douglas William - Ordinary Seaman
      Challenger, Charles William - Chief Stoker
      Chapman, Neville Owen - Ordinary Seaman
      Chapman, William Roy - Stoker
      Charlton, Claude Leyshon - Cook
      Christie, Albert Thomas Norton - Stoker
      Christison, John Maxwell - Ordinary Seaman
      Clark, Daniel Murchie - Acting Leading Stoker
      Clark, Thomas Welsby - Able Seaman
      Clarke, Arthur - Leading Aircraftman
      Clarke, Harry - Acting Leading Stoker
      Clayton, Alfred Stockdale - Stoker
      Clement, William - Ordinary Seaman
      Clive, Alfred Walter - Stoker
      Colbey, Robert Sabey - Ordinary Seaman
      Cole, John Vincent - Ordinary Seaman
      Cole, Sydney Arthur William - Able Seaman
      Coleman, George Edward - Wireman
      Colhoun, Robert Alan - Stoker Second Class
      Collie, Cyril Brian - Stoker Second Class
      Collier, Richard Thomas - Acting Leading Seaman
      Collins, Charles Ernest - Able Seaman
      Collins, William Henry - Able Seaman
      Conquit, William Clarence - Able Seaman
      Cookesley, Clifford William - Stoker
      Coonan, Bevis Royal - Acting Leading Seaman
      Cooper, Alfred Langley - Leading Stoker
      Cooper, Arthur Donald Wilfred - Stoker Second Class
      Cooper, Bertie - Able Seaman
      Cooper, Reginald - Stoker
      Cooper, Rex Albert - Able Seaman
      Coppin, George William - Assistant Steward
      Cork, William James Morris - Ordinary Seaman
      Cormick, Thomas George - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Courtis, Roy John - Stoker
      Cox, Harold William - Acting Leading Stoker
      Cox, John Lionel - Signalman
      Cragg, George Louis - Stoker
      Craike, Brian Wesley - Able Seaman
      Cranwell, Henry Alfred Geoffrey - Stoker
      Craske, Benjamin Jack - Ordinary Seaman
      Crawford, Thomas Alfred - Acting Able Seaman
      Crocker, Leslie joseph - Petty Officer Cook
      Crowle, Jack Alfred Francis - Stoker Second Class
      Cummings, james - Able Seaman
      Cunnington, Alan Leonard Fyffe - Ordnance Artificer Fourth Class
      Curtis, Clifford Leslie James - Wireman
      Curtis, Richard - Petty Officer
      Curwood, Walter Leslie - Wireman

      Daniel, Kevin Henry - Ordnance Artificer Fourth Class
      Darby, Stanley Maurice - Able Seaman
      Daunt, Arthur Robert - Stoker
      Davey, John Stanley - Petty Officer Cook
      Davies, Sidney John - Electrical Artificer
      Davis, Stanley Roy - Leading Seaman
      Deacon, William Frank - Able Seaman
      Deane, Wallace Bertram - Ordinary Seaman
      Dee, Thomas - Leading Steward
      DeForest, McAdam Carruthers - Stoker
      DeGracie, John Philip - Ordinary Seaman
      Dempster, Herbert James - Stoker
      Devereux, Eric Gordon - Able Seaman
      Dhu, Lionel Edward - Able Seaman
      Diews, Bernard Albert - Able Seaman
      Dimmock, Donald Charles - Able Seaman
      Dix, Gordon Kenneth - Acting Leading Stoker
      Dixon, Thomas Charles - Leading Stoker
      Dobson, Herbert Hartfield - Able Seaman
      Dodds, Richard - Leading Aircraftman
      Doxey, Alexander Harold - Able Seaman
      Doyle, Edward Francis - Able Seaman
      Drake, Albert Reginald - Able Seaman
      Drake, John Richardson - Stoker
      Duncan, Emanuel Robert Thomas - Supply Assistant
      Dundon, Stephen - Able Seaman
      Dunin, Thomas - Steward

      Edenborough, Alan Grosvenor - Ordinary Seaman
      Edgoose, John Franklin - Ordinary Seaman
      Edwards, Ernest John - Able Seaman
      Edwards, Frederick - Acting Stoker Petty Officer
      Evans, Francis Richard - Petty Officer
      Ewens, Robert Underdown - Able Seaman

      Fahey, William Richard - Able Seaman
      Farrand, Leonard Charles - Ordinary Seaman
      Faulkner, Arthur John - Able Seaman
      Ferguson, David Wallace - Able Seaman
      Ferguson, Kenneth Charles - Ordinary Seaman
      Fibbens, William Sidney - Telegraphist
      Findlay, Gordon Lindsay - Acting Ordnance Artificer Fourth Class
      Finlayson, Harry - Mechanician First Class
      Fisher, John William - Leading Cook (S)
      Fitzgerald, Augustine Francis - Blacksmith Fourth Class
      Fitzgerald, Lloyd Gerald - Acting Supply Petty Officer
      Fleming, Wilfred Stafford - Able Seaman
      Foote, Reginald Eric - Cook (S)
      Forbes, Robert Gordon Staunton - Ordinary Seaman
      Forsyth, Glenbervie Edwin - Electrical Artificer Fourth Class
      Forth, Herbert - Able Seaman
      Foster, Norman Douglas - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Foster, Roy - Leading Aircraftman
      Foulkes, Robert Eugene - Telegraphist
      Franklin, Edward William - Leading Seaman
      Fraser, Noel James - Ordinary Seaman
      Freer, Walter Edward Albert - Able Seaman
      Friar, Jack Allan - Engine Room Artificer Third Class
      Frisch, Ernest Dudley - Able Seaman
      Frith, William Railton Oliver - Petty Officer, RN
      Fry, Robert Aubrey - Stoker
      Fryer, Kenneth James - Ordinary Telegraphist

      Gamble, Frank Harold - Petty Officer Telegraphist
      Gamble, Ronald Frederick - Acting Petty Officer Telegraphist
      Gardiner, Heathcote Diggery - Ordinary Seaman
      Garnett, William Henry - Acting Leading Stoker
      Garrett, Basil Farmer - Able Seaman
      Gale, Raymond - Leading Supply Assistant
      Gentles, Harry Spencer - Chief Stoker
      Gilsenan, Dudley John - Steward
      Glackin, Thomas Nevin - Stoker
      Glasby, Harold - Able Seaman
      Goodwin, Neil Francis - Able Seaman
      Goodwin, Wilfred James - Able Seaman
      Gothard, Edwin - Acting Petty Officer Telegraphist
      Graco, Henry Mathias - Able Seaman
      Graham, George Albert - Ordinary Seaman
      Greaves, Sidney - Able Seaman
      Green, Arthur Eric - Acting Stoker Petty Officer
      Green, John Rex - Ordinary Seaman
      Green, Theo Lawrence - Cook (0)
      Greenwood, James Herbert - Ordinary Seaman
      Gregson, Michael Oswald - Ordinary Seaman
      Grinter, Norman Francis - Acting Leading Stoker
      Gronberg, Ernest Edward - Stoker
      Gwynne, David Andrew - Able Seaman

      Haag, Francis Vincent - Stoker
      Hagan, Allan - Steward
      Hammond, Lawson - Able Seaman
      Hare, Richard William - Able Seaman
      Harricks, Sydney William - Able Seaman
      Hass, Mervan Loui Wallace - Able Seaman
      Harrington, Albert Frederick - Acting Leading Seaman
      Harris, Ronald Charles - Able Seaman
      Harrison, Leslie Alexander - Petty Officer Steward
      Hartmann, Frederick Holland Reg - Petty Officer
      Haslam, Aubrey Cecil - Acting Leading Seaman
      Hattersley, jack Osberg - Able Seaman
      Hawker, George Clarence - Steward
      Hawkes, Sydney William - Able Seaman
      Haynes, Frank James - Stoker
      Haywood, George James - Ordinary Seaman Second Class
      Heaton, Edmund - Acting Electrical Artificer Fourth Class
      Henderson, William Laurence Douglas - Stoker
      Henrickson, John Olaf - Stoker
      Herington, Henry Foster - Stoker Second Class
      Heritage, Roy George - Able Seaman
      Herrod, Herbert Frederick - Acting Leading Stoker
      Hewett, Edmund Herbert - Able Seaman
      Hickey, Robert Arthur - Able Seaman
      Hill, Douglas Hugh - Stoker
      Hill, Peter - Able Seaman
      Hill, Robert Henry - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Hobbs, George james - Able Seaman
      Hogan, Michael Henry - Ordinary Telegraphist
      Holder, Edward Harrison - Telegraphist
      Holm, Clarence Kenneth Asby - Able Seaman
      Homer, Arthur Wilfred - Chief Stoker
      Honor, Charles Leslie - Telegraphist
      Hooper, Edgar Norman - Ordinary Seaman
      Hopcraft, Robert Beauchamp - Shipwright Third Class
      Hore, Keith Beresford - Able Seaman
      Horrigan, Cornelius - Able Seaman
      Howard, Keith - Aireraftman First Class
      Howard, Leonard John - Able Seaman
      Hudson, james Lloyd - Signalman
      Hutchinson, Richard - Able Seaman
      Hutchinson, Roy Harold - Able Seaman
      Hutchison, James Robertson - Stoker Second Class

      Ingham, John Wakelin - Acting Leading Stoker

      James, Martin Curtis - Able Seaman
      Jarvis, William John - Stoker Second Class
      Jeffs, Francis William - Ordinary Seaman
      Jennings, David Mathias - Able Seaman
      Jesnoewski, Leslie Albert - Ordinary Seaman
      Johnson, Percy Albert - Stoker Second Class
      Johnston, Donald Erskine - Able Seaman
      Johnston, George - Writer
      Johnston, Edgar William - Able Seaman
      Johnstone, Trevor James Armistice - Able Seaman
      Jones, David James - Acting Stoker Petty Officer
      Jones, Donald Edgar - Able Seaman
      Jones, Ivan David - Acting Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Jones, John Banks - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Jones, Philip Trevor - Chief Petty Officer
      Jones, Wilfred George - Chief Shipwright
      Jordan, Ernest John - Able Seaman
      Jordan, Horace David - Able Seaman
      Joyce, William Robert John - Able Seaman

      Keane, Walter John DSM - Chief Ordnance Artificer
      Kearnon, Rex Allan - Ordinary Seaman
      Keenan, Francis Bernard - Stoker
      Kelly, james Vincent - Able Seaman
      Kelly, Neville Andrew - Stoker Second Class
      Kennedy, Robert John - Stoker Second Class
      Kenney, Arthur Henry Lawrence - Chief Petty Officer
      Kent, Lloyd Shackleton - Signalman
      Kettle, Edward james - Able Seaman
      Kettyle, James Thomas - Leading Stoker
      Keys, Rodger Francis - Able Seaman
      Kirkham, Eric James - Able Seaman
      Kitchin, Clayton Peter - Stoker
      Kleinig, Arthur Albert - Telegraphist
      Knapman, Wesley Bowden - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Knapp, Douglas John - Stoker Second Class
      Knight, Neil Kenneth - Steward
      Kreig, Archibald Douglas - Assistant Steward

      Laffer, Peter Morton - Ordinary Seaman
      Lang, John - Able Seaman
      Lang, William Hugh - Stoker Second Class
      Lawler, Neil Charles - Ordinary Seaman
      Lawson, James Neil - Supply Assistant
      Laxton, Stewart Thomas - Sick Berth Attendant Second Class
      Laycock, Royce Stanley - Stoker
      Lewis, Ambrose Henry - Stoker Petty Officer
      Lewis, Desmond Henry - Bandsman
      Lewis, Leslie Raymond - Acting Leading Seaman
      Lillywhite, Harry Edgar - Shipwright First Class
      Lockard, Terence Godfrey - Acting Signalman
      Love, Snowden Edward - Stoker
      Lowenstein, William - Stoker
      Lowry, Frederick William - Able Seaman
      Lynch, Stephen Maxwell - Able Seaman
      Lyne, Raymond Vivian - Ordinary Seaman

      Mackinnon, Murdo - Petty Officer
      Males, Trevor - Shipwright Fourth Class
      Mann, Keith Arthur - Ordinary Seaman
      Manninp,, Maurice - Leading Cook (S)
      Marley, Sidney - Sergeant
      Marson, Albert Richard - Mechanician Second Class
      Martin, Alan Douglas - Ordinary Seaman
      Martin, james Hearle - Able Seaman
      Martin, Leslie Frank - Steward
      Martin, Leslie James Frederick - Ordinary Seaman
      Matheson, Edward Austin John - Ordinary Seaman
      Mathews, John William - Able Seaman
      Maxwell, lan Maxwell - Ordinary Seaman
      Medlen, Lindsay James - Sick Berth Attendant
      Melandri, Perty Ernest Vincent - Bandsman
      Menzies, William - Able Seaman
      Miller, George James - Cook (S)
      Miller, james Douglas Haig - Able Seaman
      Miller, Kenneth Roscoe - Ordinary Seaman
      Miller, Martin Patrick - Steward
      Miller, Robert Alfred - Stoker
      Milverton, Peter Frederick - Able Seaman
      Minns, Leslie Charles - Sick Berth Attendant
      Mitchell, Francis joseph - Supply Assistant
      Mogler, Richard Charles - Stoker
      Mordaunt, Francis Xavier - Petty Officer Writer
      Morisey, Ronald - Able Seaman
      Morphett, Merton James - Cook (S)
      Morris, Edgar Percy - Petty Officer
      Morris, Raymond Keith - Able Seaman
      Moule, Albert - Stoker
      Mudford, Leslie Francis - Able Seaman
      Mulhall, John Dillon - Bandsman
      Murdoch, Raymond Charles - Able Seaman
      Murray, Malcom - Able Seaman
      Mutch, Hector MacDonald - Able Seaman
      Myers, Henry William - Stoker
      McAulay, Angus Campbell - Bandsman
      McAuslan, Arthur Robert - Chief Engine Room Artificer
      McBain, joseph Henry - Chief Engine Room Artificer
      McCabe, Ernest Victor - Able Seaman
      McCallem, Duncan - Canteen Assistant
      McClaren, Alfred Allan - Petty Officer
      McConnell, Robert Nicol - Stoker
      McCulloch, Sydney - Able Seaman
      McCullough, Samuel James - Wireman
      McDonald, John Denis - Able Seaman
      McDougall, Wallace - Able Seaman
      McGregor, Donald Alexander - Cook (S)
      McGowan, Thomas Henry - Able Seaman
      McHaffle, Edward Hunter - Painter First Class
      McKay, Allan Murdoch - Leading Supply Assistant
      McKechnie, Glen Morton - Ordinary Seaman
      McKenzie, Donald james - Able Seaman
      McKeown, Malachi James - Able Seaman
      McLean, William Ernest - Stoker Petty Officer
      McLeod, Herbert Charles - Acting Leading Stoker
      McLeod-Smith, Albert Fraser - Petty Officer

      Nesbitt, jackson - Able Seaman
      Newman, Charles Albert - Able Seaman
      Nicholls, Malcom Godfrey - Able Seaman
      Nichols, Francis Roy - Ordinary Seaman Second Class
      Nichol, Thomas Enright - Wireman
      Noble, Charles Taylor Reg - Petty Officer
      Noell, Alfred John - Stoker
      Norbery, Stephen William - Able Seaman
      Norman, Charles George james - Able Seaman
      Norman, Frederick William - Leading Seaman
      Norton, John Thomas Henry - Leading Stoker
      Norton, Montague Alfred Huxley - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Norton, William Frederick Cecil - Able Seaman
      Nugent, Cyril james - Stoker
      Nyal, Leslie John - Stoker Second Class

      Oakford, Phillip james - Ordinary Seaman
      O'Brien, Edward Bedford - Shipwright First Class
      Ogilvie, Laurence - Able Seaman
      Oliver, Alan Henry - Ordinary Seaman
      Opas, Maurice - Canteen Manager
      Owens, Edward Harold - Able Seaman

      Paling, Dennis Ross - Able Seaman
      Parkes, Douglas Leon - Able Seaman
      Parr, George Frederick - Chief Electrical Artificer
      Partington, Leslie Warburton - Bandsman
      Pascoe, Percival Holman - Stoker
      Pastoors, William Cecil - Stoker Second Class
      Patrick, Charles William - Ordinary Seaman Second Class
      Paul, Stanley Robert - Stoker
      Payne, John Robert - Sick Berth Attendant
      Peak, John McGhie - Stoker
      Pearce, Eric Victor - Acting Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Pelham, Frederick Charles - Bandsman
      Perger, Frederick James - Able Seaman
      Perryman, Richard Severn - Able Seaman
      Peters, Maxwell Wesley - Telegraphist
      Peterson, Peter William - Stoker
      Phillips, Frederick Ernest - Able Seaman
      Pike, John William - Able Seaman
      Pitt, William Harold - Able Seaman
      Platt, Robert - Stoker Second Class
      Pople, Alfred - Band Corporal
      Potter, Alfred William - Ordinary Seaman
      Potter, Clyde Ashby - Acting Supply Petty Officer
      Powell, Lyal Llewellyn - Able Seaman
      Prike, joseph John - Able Seaman
      Primmer, John Foster Roy - Able Seaman
      Pritchard, Herbert Lloyd - Ordnance Artificer Fourth Class
      Psaila, Samuel - Canteen Assistant
      Pulham, Edward George Montague - Acting Leading Stoker
      Purdon, Eric Thomas - Leading Seaman
      Purkiss, Cecil Edward - Wireman
      Putman, Albert Edward - Ordinary Seaman

      Quilty, John Edward - Acting Leading Seaman
      Quinn, George Frederick - Petty Officer Cook (S)

      Ramsay, Ernest Wilson - Able Seaman
      Ranford, John Irvine - Ordinary Telegraphist
      Ray, Harold George - Able Seaman
      Redfearne, Charles Hugh - Stoker
      Redmond, Eric Neville - Ordinary Signalman
      Reed, George Percival - Writer
      Rees, Robert John - Ordinary Seaman
      Reeves, Ellis Leslie - Able Seaman
      Reeves, Raymond Henry - Ordinary Seaman
      Reid, Graham Roy - Signalman
      Reilly, James Brian - Acting Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Remfry, Ernest John - Able Seaman
      Ricardo, John Layton - Chief Petty Officer Butcher
      Rice, Desmond Maxwell - Stoker Third Class
      Richards, Harold Nelson - Acting Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Richter, Arthur John - Acting Supply Petty Officer
      Riley, Edwin Martin - Ordinary Seaman
      Rippen, Adolph Heinrich Gerhard - Telegraphist
      Riters, Edward - Able Seaman
      Roberts, Lyndon Irvine - Stoker
      Roberts, Ronald Charles - Assistant Cook (0)
      Robertson, Michael John - Leading Seaman
      Robertson, Thomas Noel - Acting Stoker Petty Officer
      Robertson, William James - Leading Cook
      Rogers, Charles Allan - Able Seaman
      Rogers, Ralph Carey - Signalman
      Rolfe, Edmund Sturgeon - Able Seaman
      Rolley, Ernest David - Steward
      Rosevear, Geoffrey - Able Seaman
      Rosevear, Lance - Able Seaman
      Ross, Donald - Petty Officer Steward
      Ross, James Thompson - Supply Petty Officer
      Rothbaum, Lionel - Assistant Steward
      Rowe, Allan Lawrence - Able Seaman
      Rowe, James Ronald - Telegraphist
      Rowe, Lindsay Thomas - Stoker Second Class
      Rowlands, Harold Edward - Supply Chief Petty Officer
      Rudwall, Peter Sutherland - Ordinary Seaman

      Salmon, John - Able Seaman
      Sampson, Louis Nicholas - Supply Chief Petty Officer
      Sands, William Archibald Martin - Chief Petty Officer
      Savage, Leonard Roydon - Stoker
      Sawbridge, George William - Bandsman
      Schache, Walter Herbert - Chief Petty Officer Cook
      Schmidt, Alan Hartley - Ordinary Seaman
      Schulz, Raymond Arthur - Stoker
      Scott, George Gillick - Acting Petty Officer
      Shadlow, Eric Henry - Stoker Second Class
      Shepherd, Alfred Horwood - Acting Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Shepherd, David John - Chief Petty Officer Telegraphist
      Shiers, Arthur Ernest - Able Seaman
      Shipstone, Henry Buccleuch - Petty Officer
      Short, Harry Kenneth - Able Seaman
      Sievey, Richard Thomas - Ordinary Seaman
      Silk, Stanley George - Chief Petty Officer
      Simpson, Beniamin - Petty Officer Telegraphist
      Simpson, Charles Henry - Able Seaman
      Simpson, Reginald Austin - Ordinary Telegraphist
      Slater, Alec George Hamilton - Assistant Cook
      Smith, Allen Leslie - Chief Electrical Artificer
      Smith, Alfred james - Stoker Second Class
      Smith, Cornelius Francis - Able Seaman
      Smith, Douglas William Charles - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Smith, Ernest Edward Frederick - Able Seaman
      Smith, George William - Stoker Second Class
      Smith, Ronald George Singleton - Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Smith, Roy Clarence - Supply Assistant
      Smith, Roy Somerville - Stoker
      Smith, William Ftederick Albert - Able Seaman
      Smith, William Harrison Randall - Engine Room Artificer Third Class
      Smith, William Reginald Devine - Acting Petty Officer
      Soutar, William Nicoll - Supply Assistant
      Spiller, Harold James - Able Seaman
      Staff, Robert Frank - Steward
      Stammers, Robert - Cook
      Standish, George Frederick - Able Seaman
      Stear, Ernest Victor Lloyd - Bandmaster
      Steed, Philip William - Ordinary Seaman
      Steele, Roy McLellan Morgan - Able Seaman
      Stenton, Stanley Peter William - Stoker
      Stephens, George - Acting Yeoman of Signals
      Stephenson, Walter Thomas William - Stoker
      Sterling, Leslie - Able Seaman
      Stevens, Horace John - Bandsman
      Stevenson, Robert - Stoker Third Class
      Stride, Cecil Meadus - Stoker Second Class
      Striethorst, Raymond Conrad - Able Seaman
      Stripe, Alexander Edward - Able Seaman
      Strugnell, John William - Petty Officer
      Stuart, james Richard Keith - Stoker
      Stuart, William Fancourt - Writer
      Stubbs, Kimberley - Stoker Second Class
      Sturla, james Robert - Chief Stoker
      Sutton, Denis O'Reilly - Able Seaman
      Sutton, Kingsley - Acting Stoker Petty Officer

      Tabor, Frederick Arthur - Acting Leading Seaman
      Tassel, Harry Woodrow - Petty Officer
      Tatters, George Nelson - Able Seaman
      Taylor, John - Telegraphist
      Taylor, John Ernest - Able Seaman
      Taylor, John McLean - Able Seaman
      Taylor, Keith - Ordinary Seaman
      Taylor, Kenneth George - Able Seaman
      Taylor, Rupert Allenby - Leading Stoker
      Tennant, Ronald George - Engine Room Artificer Third Class
      Thompson, Harry Edward - Wireman
      Thompson, William Raymond - Stoker
      Thomson, Archibald jarnes - Stoker
      Trenbath, jack Stephen - Stoker Third Class
      Trenwith, Harry George - Stoker Petty Officer
      Triggs, Robert - Master-at-Arms
      Tuffin, Edwin Daniel - Able Seaman
      Turk, Herbert - Able Seaman
      Turner, George Alfred - Ordinary Seaman Second Class
      Turner, Harold - Signalman
      Turner, Kenneth james - Ordinary Seaman
      Turner, William Ross - Able Seaman
      Tyldsley, james - Chief Yeoman of Signals
      Tyler, Charles Desmond - Bandsman

      Unwin, John Edward - Able Seaman
      Uren, Thomas William james - Leading Steward

      Vassett, Alexander William - Electrical Artificer First Class
      Vogt, Ronald Matthew - Able Seaman

      Wait, Howard Thomas Charles - Acting Supply Petty Officer
      Waldron, Thomas Arthur - Stoker Second Class
      Walker, Arthur Joseph - Cook
      Walker, Edward John - Yeoman of Signals
      Walker, Kenneth james - Able Seaman
      Walker, William Albert Gordon - Leading Signalman
      Wallace, William Raymond - Stoker
      Walsh, Gordon Stuart - Supply Assistant
      Walsh, Michael Henry Joseph - Able Seaman
      Ward, Frederick Ernest Charles - Able Seaman
      Ward, James Joseph Richard - Leading Stoker
      Ware, Leonard Frank - Joiner Third Class
      Warren, Vincent - Bandsman
      Waye, Leonard William - Acting Leading Stoker
      Webb, Arthur Charles - Able Seaman
      Webb, Oliver Ernest Raymond - Acting Petty Officer
      Weller, Royce Henry - Acting Shipwright Fourth Class
      White, Hans James Leo - Signalman
      White, Robert George - Able Seaman
      Whitfield, Leonard William - Chief Petty Officer Writer
      Whithear, Alan George - Stoker
      Williams, Alfred David - Able Seaman
      Williams, David Leslie - Acting Petty Officer
      Williams, John Bruce - Stoker Second Class
      Williams, John Harris - Stoker Second Class
      Williamson, Maurice Douglas - Leading Stoker
      Williamson, Sydney Thomas Lawrence - Acting Petty Officer
      Willis, George Boyd - Able Seaman
      Willis, Percy John Christian - Plumber First Class
      Willis, Lloyd Martin - Cook (0)
      Willis, Ronald Verdun - Steward
      Wilson, Clifford - Telegraphist
      Wilson, Jack Stanley - Able Seaman
      Wilson, Roderick Richard - Sick Berth Attendant
      Wilson, Roy Weddon Dawes - Ordinary Seaman
      Windham, Russell Bertram - Ordinary Telegraphist
      Witton, Bertram Linsay - Acting Leading Telegraphist
      Wixted, Ronald james - Stoker Second Class
      Wood, Arthur Thomas - Able Seaman
      Woodcroft, William George - Leading Steward
      Woodhams, Reginald Bernard Craig - Stoker Second Class
      Woods, William Raymond - Acting Engine Room Artificer Fourth Class
      Woodsford, Alfred Charles - Acting Leading Seaman
      Woolmore, Laurence Thomas - Ordnance Artificer Second Class
      Worsley, William Cornelius - Acting Electrical Artificer Fourth Class
      Wright, Charles Alan - Able Seaman
      Wright, Charles Patrick - Signalman
      Wright, Harold Douglas - Assistant Steward
      Wyatt, Eric William - Telegraphist

      Yeoman, Walter Clifford - Stoker
      York, Leonard Denis - Able Seaman
      Young, John Robinson - Able Seaman

      Zammitt, Salvatore - Canteen Manager

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