Boxing the Compass

[Image]The Mariners Compass of 360 degrees is divided into 32 points.

To name all these points starting from due North and moving in a clockwise direction is called:

Boxing The Compass.

The compass card within a compass or the compass rose shown on a map is a circle marked off in a clockwise direction in 360 equal units (360 degrees). North is marked at 0°, east at 90°, south at 180° and west at 270°. These are called the cardinal points of the compass (cardinal meaning of first importance, fundamental). Midway between the cardinal points are the intercardinal points; being northeast at 45°, southeast at 135°, southwest at 225° and northwest at 315°. These may again be divided giving another eight points such as north-northeast and north-northwest. Compass cards and roses are normally marked with these 16 divisions clearly shown. If another 16 intermediary divisions (as was once the custom) are shown then the naming of the resulting 32 points in a clockwise order is known as “Boxing the Compass.”

 

Direction Symbol
Degrees
North

North by east

North-northeast

Northeast by north

Northeast

Northeast by east

East-northeast

East by north

East

East by south

East-southeast

Southeast by east

Southeast

Southeast by south

South-southeast

South by east

South

South by west

South-southwest

Southwest by south

Southwest

Southwest by west

West-southwest

West by south

West

West by north

West-northwest

Northwest by west

Northwest

Northwest by north

North-northwest

North by west

N

N by E

NNE

NE by N

NE

NE by E

ENE

E by N

E

E by S

ESE

SE by E

SE

SE by S

SSE

S by E

S

S by W

SSW

SW by S

SW 225

SW by W

WSW

W by S

W

W by N

WNW

NW by W

NW

NW by N

NNW

N by W

0(360)

11.25

22.5

33.75

45

56.25

67.5

78.75

90

101.25

112.5

123.75

135

146.25

157.5

168.75

180

191.25

202.5

213.75

225

236.25

247.5

258.75

270

281.25

292.5

303.75

315

326.25

337.5

348.75


   

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